Affogato:

Vanilla ice cream topped with a shot of espresso.

 

Americano:

A shot of espresso diluted with hot water.

 

Barista:

The trained professional, who prepares your coffee.

 

Cappuccino:

An espresso shot combined with foamed, steamed milk.

 

Chicory:

A beverage made using the roots of the chicory plant. These roots are roasted, ground and then brewed into a coffee-like drink.

 

Crema:

The thick, caramel-coloured emulsified oils that sit on top of an espresso.

 

Espresso:

The concentrated coffee made when hot water is forced, at pressure, through fine ground coffee. Approximately 40ml.

 

Fair Trade:

A private programme, which certifies that coffee farmers and growers are paid a minimum price for their coffee.

 

Filter Coffee:

This is coffee made in a french press, a percolator or a countertop coffee machine. The ground coffee may be placed in a paper filter. The coffee flavour is extracted by contact with water, not under pressure.

 

Freeze Dried Coffee:

The coffee extract is frozen and cut into small fragments, which are then dried at a low temperature under vacuum conditions. This process is used for freeze dried instant coffee

 

French Press:

Coffee made by steeping ground coffee, with hot water in a vessel, with a plunger and metal filter that pushes the grounds to the bottom.

 

Roast & Ground Coffee:

Made from whole coffee beans, which are the uniformly ground and then packaged.

 

Latte Art:

The decorative pattern formed through pouring steamed milk into an espresso.

 

Latte:

Espresso with 230ml or more steamed milk.

 

Lungo:

A lungo, is where the shot of coffee is pulled longer than normal. A longer extraction will increase the volume of the shot, and may also subdue some of the flavors to make for a more “sippable” espresso.  Approximately 110ml.

 

Mocha:

An espresso mixed with chocolate syrup or hot chocolate powder, and steamed milk.

 

Ristretto:

Espresso pulled short (with less water) for a smaller, more concentrated drink. Approximately 25ml.

 

Single Origin:

Coffee from a particular region, farm or area within a farm.

 

Spray Dried Coffee:

Coffee extract is sprayed into hot air, which quickly dries the droplets and turns them into fine powder or small pieces of coffee.

 

Uniformity:

Uniformity refers to how similarly sized the ground coffee particles are.

 

Whole Bean Coffee:

This is, the full coffee bean, which has been roasted and packaged and is ready for grinding at home.